Pyramids of Egypt, the legacy of the pharaohs

The Pyramids of Egypt were the funerary monuments of the great pharaohs. A legacy that still arouses admiration.

mortar complex of Pharaoh Djoser

Few monuments have aroused as much admiration throughout history as the Pyramids of Egypt . For 4,500 years, the pyramids have been a silent witness to the history of mankind.

Without a doubt, the best known are the Pyramids of Gizeh , on the outskirts of what is now Cairo. This triad of pyramids are the tombs of the pharaohs Cheops, Kefren and Micerinos, who sought to achieve immortality with these impressive monuments, and in a way they succeeded.

The Great Pyramid houses the tomb of Cheops . It is the only one of the seven Wonders of the ancient world that still stands. Its infinite blocks of stone overlap one over the other to raise its 146 meters towards the immaculate blue sky of Egypt, proclaiming the glory of its creator.

Beside him is his little sister, the pyramid of Chephren , built by this pharaoh, son of Cheops. Being located on a higher ground gives the impression that its size is larger than that of Cheops, so for some time it had the designation of Great Pyramid. However, its 143 meters are insufficient to unseat the Cheops pyramid from that privilege.

Finally, the smallest of the Pyramids of Egypt is the one dedicated to Pharaoh Micerinos , which in ancient times was covered with pink marble. Although “only” is 65 meters high, it is usually nicknamed as the “divine pyramid”. Around them the pyramids of the queens rise, small constructions dedicated to house the tombs of the consorts of these pharaohs.

Keeping the Pyramids of Egypt you will find the Sphinx . This majestic creature 20 meters high and 50 long represents Pharaoh Keops. His nose was destroyed by a cannon shot during Napoleon’s campaign in Egypt in the early 19th century, and his beard is guarded in the British Museum in London.

But these are not the only pyramids in Egypt. It is estimated that up to 118 of these buildings are built throughout the country, destined to house the tombs of the pharaohs and the important personalities of their court.

In the year 2,000 BC, the construction of the pyramids went into decline. The pharaohs moved their court to Thebes, and were buried in the Valley of the Kings , in more discreet tombs that could remain sealed and guarantee their eternal rest.

When you travel to Egypt and discover the pyramids remember Napoleon’s words: “From the top of those monuments, more than 40 centuries contemplate you.”

Who built the Pyramids of Egypt?

Keops' pyramid

 

The mystery of construction; of the Pyramids of Egypt has endured to this day. To get into their secrets, we must first know what these pyramids are.

The pyramids were funerary monuments, that is, tombs in which the pharaohs were buried to facilitate their trip to the sky in the form of stars and to allow their essence to endure forever in the form of these monumental constructions.

Leaving aside the theories that hold that the pyramids were built by aliens, the popular belief, fueled by the cinematic imaginary, is based on the fact that the pyramids were built by slaves .

However, the reality is that it was free workers who built these fabulous Egyptian monuments.

These workers, who worked in exhausting shifts, were well treated and fed by their contractors, since they were qualified personnel who, in addition, were responsible for building the buildings with greater spiritual value for the Egyptians of the time.

Trips to visit the Pyramids of Egypt. One of the most fascinating experiences one can live.

Egypt, the cradle of civilizations , whose capital is Cairo which is called “the mother of the world”. The oldest traces of human activity date back to the Paleolithic era in Egypt.

No less interesting and beautiful is its natural, rich and diverse landscape: from the coral reefs of the Red Sea to the oases of the western deserts .

In addition , Cairo , its cosmopolitan capital and the most populous city in Africa, is an open museum, a perfect blend of ancient and modern ; and the Nile River, its most precious jewel, a treasure of nature to which Egypt owes everything.

Egypt, a country that has fascinated humanity since ancient times …

Documentation needed to travel to Egypt

You need a passport with a minimum validity of six months, from the date of return and mandatory visa for Spanish and community. The visa is obtained upon arrival in Egypt, 1 single ticket costs $ 25, or its equivalent in euros or Egyptian pounds. Other nationalities other than Spanish and / or community consult with the Egyptian embassy. It is also common that in motorcycles and hotels, the reception collects passports to make a copy of them. Likewise, the guide or the representative can also request them.

Holidays

In Egypt the holiday is Friday, this being like Sunday in Spain, although in many cases the tourist activities and places remain open.

Taxis

Authentic taxis (black and white) circulate freely and are easy to find in hotels or at stops near tourist areas. It is advisable to agree the price of the trip before riding the taxi.

Tips

In the Arab countries it becomes an imperative in the service sector: waiters, trunk, taxi drivers, drivers, etc. It is customary to tip 5% in hotels and 10% in taxis.

Stores

In Egypt, tourist establishments usually remain open until 8:00 p.m., except for some that close at noon and reopen in the afternoon.

Purchases

Time is needed to go shopping. The word buy in Egypt is related to souks and bargaining, invitations to drink mint tea, lots of conversation and good atmosphere. The relationship between seller and buyer should be a tug of war until both parties are satisfied. Most people buy gold and silver jewelry (sold by weight and not for the work done), alabaster works, a cartouche with your name in hieroglyphic writing or pendants with beetles, eyes of Horus or the hand of Fatima of luck set. Ceramics, papyri, replicas of museum pieces, Bedouin weapons, brass copies of pyramids or seed necklaces.

Gastronomy

Egyptian cuisine, the result of the exquisite mixture of Arabic, African and Mediterranean cuisine, is one of the most important and varied in the entire region. There are two basic components in the Egyptian diet: the aish, which is a loaf of bread prepared with different flours; and the fuul, huge beans that are usually prepared with lemon. These beans are usually accompanied with yogurt, garlic, cheese and eggs. With regard to meat, Egyptians really like this tasty food. It is also common to find dishes that contain all kinds of fish, especially in Alexandria.

Tips for traveling to Egypt

The main characteristic of the Egyptian is the respect for those who respect it, so we can highlight for example the custom that the Egyptians have of not entering the mosques with shorts, they are very grateful that tourists, like the Egyptians, respect that custom and do not enter With this type of pants, despite this, if any of the tourists do not have long pants or long skirts, when they enter the mosque they will deliver a coat to cover themselves. Another of their customs to enter the Mosques is to remove their shoes. 

In some Mosques where entry is allowed, they give tourists some cloth slippers to put on their shoes and not have to take off their shoes, even so the same guide will advise in advance what clothes it is advisable to wear for a visit to the mosque . During the summer tour it is advisable to wear light clothes, cotton garments, sunglasses, swimsuit and hat. Winter is short and mild but they need some warm clothes in the early morning and at night since temperatures can drop sharply. 

Also, outside the hotels or restaurants it is recommended not to eat unpeeled fruit, raw vegetables, ice cream and very cold drinks. Although the most appealing after a hot visit is an ice cold drink, it is preferable to drink hot or not so cold drinks that help to restore the body temperature gradually. It is advisable to take some medicine against intestinal infections, fever, colds, as well as a sunscreen with a high protection factor and mosquito repellent. sunglasses, swimsuit and hat. 

Winter is short and mild but they need some warm clothes in the early morning and at night since temperatures can drop sharply. Also, outside the hotels or restaurants it is recommended not to eat unpeeled fruit, raw vegetables, ice cream and very cold drinks. Although the most appealing after a hot visit is an ice cold drink, it is preferable to drink hot or not so cold drinks that help to restore the body temperature gradually. 

It is advisable to take some medicine against intestinal infections, fever, colds, as well as a sunscreen with a high protection factor and mosquito repellent. sunglasses, swimsuit and hat. Winter is short and mild but they need some warm clothes in the early morning and at night since temperatures can drop sharply. Also, outside the hotels or restaurants it is recommended not to eat unpeeled fruit, raw vegetables, ice cream and very cold drinks. 

Although the most appealing after a hot visit is an ice cold drink, it is preferable to drink hot or not so cold drinks that help to restore the body temperature gradually. It is advisable to take some medicine against intestinal infections, fever, colds, as well as a sunscreen with a high protection factor and mosquito repellent. Winter is short and mild but they need some warm clothes in the early morning and at night since temperatures can drop sharply. Also, outside the hotels or restaurants it is recommended not to eat unpeeled fruit, raw vegetables, ice cream and very cold drinks. Although the most appealing after a hot visit is an ice cold drink, it is preferable to drink hot or not so cold drinks that help to restore the body temperature gradually. 

It is advisable to take some medicine against intestinal infections, fever, colds, as well as a sunscreen with a high protection factor and mosquito repellent. Winter is short and mild but they need some warm clothes in the early morning and at night since temperatures can drop sharply. Also, outside the hotels or restaurants it is recommended not to eat unpeeled fruit, raw vegetables, ice cream and very cold drinks. 

Although the most appealing after a hot visit is an ice cold drink, it is preferable to drink hot or not so cold drinks that help to restore the body temperature gradually. It is advisable to take some medicine against intestinal infections, fever, colds, as well as a sunscreen with a high protection factor and mosquito repellent. 

Ice cream and very cold drinks. Although the most appealing after a hot visit is an ice cold drink, it is preferable to drink hot or not so cold drinks that help to restore the body temperature gradually. It is advisable to take some medicine against intestinal infections, fever, colds, as well as a sunscreen with a high protection factor and mosquito repellent. Ice cream and very cold drinks. Although the most appealing after a hot visit is an ice cold drink, it is preferable to drink hot or not so cold drinks that help to restore the body temperature gradually. It is advisable to take some medicine against intestinal infections, fever, colds, as well as a sunscreen with a high protection factor and mosquito repellent.

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